Hydrogen gas is lighter than air - it takes a lot of storage space to ship and transport hydrogen in bulk as a gas.
But clean hydrogen can be easily liquefied for bulk storage, export and distribution, just as fossil fuels like natural gas and diesel are today.
This is where 'renewable ammonia' comes in.
Renewable ammonia is clean hydrogen, in liquid form. Liquid ammonia is almost 18% hydrogen, so it is a very efficient way to transport clean hydrogen.
For over 115 years, ammonia has been transported in bulk and used for fertilizer, refrigeration, and to stop dangerous nitrous oxide emissions from fossil-fueled power generation.
Now, renewable ammonia enables international transport and trade of renewable energy.
Renewable energy can now be produced where it's most efficient to produce it, and moved in bulk for use where it's needed - anywhere, at any scale, any time.
Renewable energy can now be transported in bulk liquid form, by sea, rail, road and pipeline. Renewable ammonia is a liquid fuel providing all the flexibility and reliability we associate with fossil fuels, but with zero carbon.
Renewable Hydrogen and Renewable Ammonia
How can the countries of the Asia-Pacific Region achieve economic growth and development targets and also achieve Paris Agreement carbon reductions?